Research and discussion
Page updated May 2012
Outline chronology: 1921
Lawrence is invited to join Churchill's Colonial Office as an Adviser on Arab Affairs. Late in the month he is appointed to the new Middle East Department for one year, despite opposition from officials elsewhere in Whitehall who have opposed his policies.
On 18 February Lawrence takes up his duties at the Colonial Office. His immediate task is planning the agenda for the forthcoming Cairo Conference, which he hopes will bring about the solution he has proposed in the Middle East. On 28 February his plan is accepted.
On 2 March Lawrence leaves for Egypt. The fortnight-long conference begins on 12 March, and on the second day the British accept Feisal's candidature as future King of Iraq. Later in the month, Churchill meets Abdullah in Jerusalem and appoints him head of an Arab administration in TransJordan.
On 2 April Lawrence moves to Amman. He spends a week there, flying back to Jerusalem on 9 April. Two days later, Lawrence flies to Port Said to meet Feisal, and persuades him not to act aggressively towards the French. Following the meeting, he moves to Jerusalem, and then to Amman where he spends three days with newly appointed British officials. On 21 April he flies to Egypt to meet Feisal again, on 22 April. He then returns to England.
Lawrence leaves England on 8 July to negotiate a British settlement with King Hussein, and to attempt to reconcile Hussein and Abdullah. He arrives in Jidda on 29 July.
During Ramadan, Lawrence visits Aden to report on the state of the British colony there. He is away from Jidda from 1230 August.
Lawrence finds negotiating with the King Hussein very difficult. On 22 September Hussein reneges on his Agreement to sign the Treaty of Versailles. Lawrence abandons the negotiations in exasperation and leaves Princes Ali and Zeid to attempt to persuade their father to be reasonable.
Lawrence goes to TransJordan to take over as British representative there, arriving half-way through the month.
Lawrence successfully negotiates a Hejaz Treaty with Abdullah, who signs on 8 December. Four days later he leaves for Egypt. On Christmas Eve is back in London.
T.E. Lawrence 1888-1935
1888 16 August: born at Tremadoc, Wales
1896-1907: City of Oxford High School for Boys
1907-9: Jesus College, Oxford, B.A., 1st Class Hons, 1909
1910-14: Magdalen College, Oxford (Senior Demy), while working at the British Museum's excavations at Carchemish
1915-16: Military Intelligence Dept, Cairo
1916-18: Liaison Officer with the Arab Revolt
1919: Attended the Paris Peace Conference
1919-22: wrote Seven Pillars of Wisdom
1921-2: Adviser on Arab Affairs to Winston Churchill at the Colonial Office
1922 August: Enlisted in the Ranks of the RAF
1923 January: discharged from the RAF
1923 March: enlisted in the Tank Corps
1923: translated a French novel, The Forest Giant
1924-6: prepared the subscribers' abridgement of Seven Pillars of Wisdom
1927-8: stationed at Karachi, then Miranshah
1927 March: Revolt in the Desert, an abridgement of Seven Pillars, published
1928: completed The Mint, began translating Homer's Odyssey
1929-33: stationed at Plymouth
1931: started working on RAF boats
1932: his translation of the Odyssey published
1933-5: attached to MAEE, Felixstowe
1935 February: retired from the RAF
1935 19 May: died from injuries received in a motor-cycle crash on 13 May
1935 21 May: buried at Moreton, Dorset