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Biography



Who was 'Lawrence of Arabia'

Introductory biography

T. E. Lawrence as writer

Chronology of Lawrence's life

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Memorials to Lawrence

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T. E. Lawrence manuscripts

Books dedicated to Lawrence

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The state of T.E. Lawrence scholarship

Rejected legend

David Lean's Lawrence of Arabia

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Jeremy Wilson

 

Page updated May 2012

Outline chronology: 1916




Youth |1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919 | 1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929 | 1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935


January 1916

    Russia begins to advance on the Caucasus front. Lawrence sends information about disaffected Arab officers in the Turkish forces defending Erzerum, and by doing so may have played a small part in the fall of the city.

March 18

    Lawrence is awarded the French Lgion d'Honneur for his work in the Cairo Intelligence office.

March 20-May 26

    Lawrence and Aubrey Herbert are sent on a secret British mission to the Turkish Headquarters outside Kut in Mesopotamia, in an attempt to buy the release of Townshend's army. However, no attempt to save the beleaguered force succeeds, and Townshend is forced to surrender. Lawrence's secondary purpose during this journey to Iraq is to assess the potential for an Arab rebellion there.

June 5

Sherif Hussein of Mecca starts the Arab Revolt.

June 6

    Lawrence produces the first 'Arab Bureau Summary', soon to be renamed the Arab Bulletin.

June 13

    General Sir Archibald Murray, the British commander in Egypt, requests topographical information about Akaba, with a view to a possible landing there. Lawrence rejects the scheme outright, arguing that the operation would be extremely costly. The real objective of such an attack would be the route inland from Akaba to Maan, but the mountain passes provide the Turks with exceptionally strong defensive positions.

July 1916

    Lawrence proposes a set of postage stamps as a propaganda vehicle for Hussein's new Arab Government in the Hedjaz. The first stamps, designed along lines suggested by Lawrence and Storrs, go into use in October.

October 12-November 11

    Lawrence, while nominally on leave, performs his first Intelligence mission to the Hejaz on behalf of the Arab Bureau. He meets Sherif Hussein's four sons, Ali, Feisal, Abdullah, and Zeid, and concludes that Feisal is the most likely to succeed as a rebel leader in the field.

November 25 1916 - February 1917

    Lawrence returns to the Hejaz as temporary liaison officer with the force commanded by Feisal.




Youth |1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919 | 1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929 | 1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935



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